Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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Wylie | Tibetan


See also flesh
  1. lus/ 

    Biblical: a living body: 1) physical body: 'chi bar 'dren pa'i lus 'di las nga sus sgrol/  who will rescue me from this body of death? (Rom. 7:24), lus nang yod dus su byas pa'i las/  the works done while in the body (2 Cor. 5:10), mig ni lus kyi mar me yin/  the eye is the lamp of the body (Mt. 6:22), 2) resurrection body: 'byung bzhi'i lus shig 'debs nas sems nyid kyi lus shig lang ngo /  it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body (1 Cor. 15:44), lus hril po dmyal bar dbyug pa/  for the whole body to be thrown into hell (Mt. 5:29); 3) Christ's body: 'di ni nga'i lus yin/  this is my body (Mt. 26:26), nga tsho mang po yin kyang ma shi ka'i nang na lus gcig yin pas/  though we are many, in Christ we are one body (Rom. 12:5).

    Buddhist: In Bsm. the body is a separate entity from the mind or spirit, and ultimate happiness requires transcending its limitations [compare NT concept of resurrection body]. The term lus/  refers to the bodies of: 1) humans: lus kyi yan lag lnga/  the five members of the body (CNG 60), rang gi sku lus yongs rdzogs keng rus lta bur gyur kyang /  though [the Buddha's] whole body (sku lus/ ) became like a skeleton (SGN 9), lus ngag yid gsum/  body, speech, and mind (DLP 18), sems dang lus po rang rang so so red/  mind and body are separate (KPU 5), lus dang sems gnyis/  body and mind (TRC 202); 2) gods: lha dang mi'i lus rten phun sum tshogs pa zhig 'thob pa la/  to obtain the desirable body of a man or a god (TRC 165); 3) hell beings: yi dwags kyi lus blangs nas/  taking the body of a preta i.e. born as a tantalized ghost in the hell realm (TRC 260); 4) animals: rma bya'i lus/  the body of a peacock (KPU 35); 5) bodies of dream or meditational states: sgyu lus rmi lam gyi dbang /  a mahayana doctrine called the "dream state of the illusory body" (TRC 137).

    Proverbs: zhim tshad ma za 'jam tshad ma gyon cig,,,kha lus gnyis kyis sdug la sbyar yong ngo /  don't eat all the good food or wear all the good clothes; you might become a slave to the mouth and body (KPU 24).

    Cognates: 1) lus dkyil/  body mandala - a tantric visualization practice (TRI 269); 2) lus sa la phab ste/  prostrating himself (SGN 15); 3) lus zha bo/  a cripple (TRC 5); 4) lus kyi dka' thub/  bodily austerities (practiced by ascetics) (TRC 96); 4) lus khams bde srung gi bya ba/  health care (BFT 21).

  2. ro/ 

    [hon. spur/ ]

    Biblical: a corpse, dead body: 1) a dead body: lus ro dang 'dra ba/  his body was like a corpse [as good as dead] (Rom. 4:19), sems dang bral ba'i lus ro yin pa ltar/  as the body without the spirit is dead (Jas. 2:26), ro yod sar bya rgod 'khor ro/  at the place where there is a dead body, the vultures will gather (Lk. 17:37), spur khyer te dur du bcug [John's disciples] took his body and buried it (Mt. 14:12), ye shu'i spur/  Jesus' body (Mt. 27:58); 2) figuratively dead: bka' khrims med pa yin na sdig pa ro ltar yin/  without the law, sin is dead [lit. like a dead body] (Rom. 7:8).

    Buddhist: modern spoken term for a corpse (AMD): bden zhen ro rgan zhen med me la sregs/  cremate that old corpse of clinging to things as real in the fire of nonattachment (HTE 186), mi shi ba'i ro zhig the body of a dead man (SGN 7). Tantric adepts claim to be able to transfer their consciousness into the body of a dead person, a process called grong 'jug (TRI 40).

    Proverbs: tshwa kha'i khyi ro mtha' ma tshwa la 'gro/  even the corpse of a dead dog turns to salt in a salt lake (KPU 12) i.e. if a student remains in school long enough, he will become educated no matter how dull he is.

    Cognates: 1) me ro/  [fire + corpse] embers; 2) ro sgam/  coffin; 3) ro lang /  the spirit of a dead person returned to earth = a ghost; also a spirit which occupies a dead body (TRI 263); 4) ro langs rgyag pa/  to restore: ro langs rgyag pa'i rgyal rabs/  the restored monarchy (SBC-1, 61).

  3. sha/ 

    [hon. sku sha/ ]

    Biblical: meat, flesh: lam de ni gsar pa dang gson po yol ba yang na khong rang gi sku sha'i sgo nas nged kyi don du bkod pa yin/  by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body (Heb. 10:20 SV).

    Buddhist: flesh: sems can bsad pa'i sha khrag gis mchod sbyin byed pa/  to offer the flesh of slaughtered animals (TRC 96), de bsad nas nya sha bzas/  after killing it, ate the fish flesh (TRC 259), sha za/  flesh-eater, a type of hell-being (TRI 272), sha rigs/  meat (SLR 11).

  4. sku/ 


    Biblical: body: nged rnams khong gi sku'i yan lag yin/  we are members of his body (Eph. 5:30 SV).

    Buddhist: The Buddha is believed to have three mystical bodies: 1) chos kyi sku/  the body of the dharma or truth, which can only be perceived by other Buddhas; 2) longs spyod rdzogs pa'i sku/  the enjoyment body, which can only be seen by boddhisattvas; and 3) sprul pa'i sku/  emanation bodies, which can be seen by humans (DMP 244; JPG 557). sku'i yon tan/  the virtues of [the Buddha's] body (TRC 74), sku gsung thugs gsum/  the body, speech and mind of the Buddha (TRC 75) cf. lus ngag yid gsum/  under lus/  above, sprul sku/  emanation body of a Buddha (see appear).

  5. phung po/ 

    [lit. heap]

    Biblical: corpse, body: gcan gzan rnams las phung po'i rus pa de tshor srung skyob byas pa red/  guarded the bodies from wild animals (2 Sam. 21:10 NTV).

    Buddhist: phung po lnga/  the five elements [Skt. skandhas] which make up human consciousness (form, feeling, perception, compositional factors, and consciousness).

    Secular: dead body dur khung la phung po bcug pa/  to put a body into a grave (DPD).

  6. gzugs/ 

    Biblical: dkon mchog gi thugs dgongs nang bzhin sa bon re re la rang gi gshis bzhin gzugs re gnang ngo /  according to God's will, to each seed is given its own kind of body (1 Cor. 15:38).

    Buddhist: 1) body in the sense of shape or outward form; e.g. used of a woman's figure (AMD); so so'i gzugs po'i babs/  circumstances of individual body structure (TRC 198); 2) form: gzugs kyi phung po/  form aggregates - the set of conditions that create human life (KBT 11), see also flesh, gzugs khams/  the form realm (one of several in Bst. cosmology) see world.