Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

Previous | Next | English Index | Tibetan Index | Abbreviations | Contents
Wylie | Tibetan


See also body
  1. sha/ 

    [lit. meat, flesh]

    Biblical: 1) meat: zhi bde'i mchod pa'i sha/  the meat of the peace offering (Lev. 7:15); 2) physical flesh: 'dre la sha dang rus pa med/  a ghost does not have flesh and bones (Lk. 24:39), mi'i sha rigs so so/,,dud 'gro'i sha so so/,,nya'i sha so so/,,'dab chags kyi sha so so yin no/  men have one kind of flesh, animals have another, birds another and fish another (1 Cor. 15:39 SV); 3) the natural part of human beings nga tshos sha dang khrag la mi 'thab kyi/  we do not struggle against flesh and blood (Eph. 6:12), sha khrag dang ldan pa la dkon mchog gi rgyal srid kyi thob skal med/  flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God (1 Cor. 15:50); 4) a representation of Christ: bag leb de nga'i sha yin/  this bread is my flesh (Jn. 6:51); 5) sha rus/  physical relation: nga tsho ni khyed kyi sha rus dang 'brel yod pa yin/  we are your own flesh and blood (2 Sam. 5:1 NTV).

    Buddhist: 1) meat: dam tshig gi rdzas sha lnga/  [lit. the five meats of commitment] human, elephant, cow, dog, horse (CNG 67), nya sha/  fish flesh (TRC 259), sha rdog a piece of meat (KPU 30), sha rigs/  the various types of meat to be found in a market (SLR 11), tshag sha dang lug sha/  beef and mutton (SLR 12), phag sha/  pork (SLR 12); 2) flesh in general: sems can bsad pa'i sha khrag gis mchod sbyin byed pa/  ceremonial offering of the bloody flesh of slaughtered animals (TRC 96), nang sha khrag thad pa'i rus 'bur/  bones protruding from wasted inner flesh (TRC 271).

  2. lus/ 

    Biblical: a living physical body: bka' de sku lus ldan par sprul/  the Word became [lit. appeared in] the flesh (Jn. 1:14), lus nas skyes pa ni lus yin/,,thugs nyid las skyes pa ni thugs nyid yin/  flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit (Jn. 3:6), tsher ma zhig nga'i lus kyi nang /  a thorn in my flesh (2 Cor. 12:7), lus la bltas te blo gdeng byed pa'i rgyu/  cause to put confidence in the flesh (Phil. 3:4), ye shu ma shi ka sku lus bzhes pa/  Jesus Christ [came] in the flesh (1 Jn. 4:2).

    Buddhist: 1) human body: lus kyi yan lag lnga/  the five members of the body are mgo head, lag pa gnyis/  two arms, rkang pa gnyis/  two legs (CNG 60), lus dang sems gnyis ka/  both body and mind (TRC 202), lus ngag yid gsum/  body, speech, and mind (TRC 244), sems dang lus po rang rang so so red/  body and mind are separate (KPU 5), gser lus tsam zhig sprad/  to give the weight of one's body in gold (TRC 153), tshe 'di'i lus srog bral bar byed thub pa/  able to separate the life-force from the body (TRC 286); 2) a general term for the body of a human, animal, or supernatural being: tshe gcig lus gcig one body for each lifetime (KTM), lha dang mi'i lus/  the body of a god or man (TRC 165), yi dwags kyi lus/  the body of a yidag (TRC 260), rma bya'i lus/  the body of a peacock (KPU 35); 3) extended meanings: lus srog la gnod pa/  harm to life and limb (TRC 50), lus kyi dka' thub/  physical austerities (TRC 96), lus khams bde srung gi bya ba/  preventive health work (BFT 21), rang gi lus sa la phab ste/  prostrating himself (SGN 15), lus zha bo/  a cripple (TRC 5), lus bcad pa/  maimed (TRC 272).

  3. gzugs/ 

    [lit. form, shape]

    Biblical: body, form: gzugs thams cad gcig pa min/  all flesh is not the same (1 Cor. 15:39).

    Buddhist: 1) the human body: gzugs po'i bde thang la gces pa/  to take care of the well being of the body (KTM), gzugs po che chung /  body size (TRC 216), gzugs ring po/  tall (DPD); 2) in philosophy, form; all changeable things are gzugs/  (AMD): ming dang gzugs/  name and form - one of the twelve links of internal dependent-arising (KBT 36), gzugs khams/  the form realm (KBT 117), gzugs med khams/  the formless region (TRC 272), gzugs stong pa'o/,,/stong pa nyid gzugs so/  form is empty, emptiness is form (HSU 167), gzugs kyi sku dang /,,chos kyi sku/  form body and dharma body (CNG 8); 3) extended meanings: gzugs brnyan/  image (LKT 2), gzugs can snying po/  King Bimbisara (SGN 14).