Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

Previous | Next | English Index | Tibetan Index | Abbreviations | Contents
Wylie | Tibetan


See also revelation
  1. 'byung / 

    p. byung / 

    Biblical: to come into being, appear, arise, come into view: dkon mchog gi pho nya rmi lam du byung /  an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream (Mt. 1:20), la las e li ya byung /  some [said] Elijah had appeared (Lk. 9:8), nged thams cad ma shi ka'i bzhugs khri'i drung du byung /  we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ (2 Cor. 5:10 SV).

    Buddhist: 1) appear, arise: chos lug sa mi 'dra ba gang 'dras byung yod dam/  how did the different schools of Tibetan Buddhism arise? (TRC 135); 2) pad ma 'byung gnas/  [lit. "appeared from a lotus"] Padmasambhava: slob dpon chen po pad ma 'byung gnas/  the tantric teacher Padmasambhava (TRC 113).

  2. mngon pa/ 

    Biblical: open, public, revealed, plain: 1) to appear, become visible; manifest: sku gzugs gzhan du gyur te mngon par mdzad pas/  [Jesus] appeared in a different form (Mk. 16:12), dpal dang ldan par mngon te/  appeared in splendor (Lk. 9:31), nga tsho'i mi tshe lags pa'i ma shi ka mngon pa'i dus su/  when Christ who is our life appears (Col. 3:4); 2) yo ha nan la mngon par mdzad pa/  the Revelation to John (Revised NT).

    Buddhist: see revelation.

  3. sprul ba/ 

    Biblical: to alter one's appearance; transform oneself miraculously, to appear in another form: bka' de sku lus ldan par sprul/  the Word became [lit. appeared in] the flesh (Jn. 1:14), ma shi ka mi ru sprul pa yin/  Christ appeared as man (1 Tim. 3:16) [cf. SV: khong ni sha'i nang na mngon par gyur/  he appeared in the flesh (1 Tim. 3:16)]. See descend.

    Buddhist: The Buddhas are believed capable of manifesting in any form necessary to help living beings e.g. as human beings, clothes, medicine, food, or any other inanimate object (JPG 198). Hence: 1) sprul sku/  a person who, like the Dalai Lama, is recognized as a rebirth of previously deceased lama: rdo brag rig 'dzin chen po ni gu ru pad ma 'byung gnas kyi sprul sku yin pa bshad do/  it is said that Rigdzin Chenpo, founder of the line of monks at Dorje Trak, is the manifestation of Guru Padmasambhava (DPD). The sprul sku/  is believed to be reborn with the death of each of his predecessors, to be above conventional standards of behaviour, and to be a manifestation or emanation of a deity. 2) sprul pa'i sku/  a manifestation body: one of the three bodies of the Buddha (KBT 69); 3) a vision, apparition, or phantom: sprul pa'i bud med gar mkhan ma/  a vision of dancing girls (SGN 10), sprul pa'i grong khyer/  a phantom city (BLI 315); 4) a manifestation of a deity: spyan ras gzigs kyi sprul pa pre'u gcig a monkey, the emanation of the god Chenresi (DPD), rje btsun sgrol ma'i sprul pa brag srin mo/  the rock-demoness, the manifestation of the goddess Dolma (DPD).

  4. 'thon pa/ 

    [var. thon/ ] p. thon/  f. 'thon/  imp. thon/ 

    Biblical: to become evident, appear: phi lib ni grong khyer a zod du thon/  Philip appeared at Azotus (Acts 8:40), mal ki tshe deg dang 'dra ba'i bla ma gzhan zhig 'thon na/  if another priest like Melchizedek appears (Heb. 7:15,16).

    Secular: 1) appear: dbyang rlung mang tsam thon pa byed rgyu/  to make more oxygen appear (SLR 13); 2) to be produced: bzo grwa de nas thon pa'i sman/  the medicine produced by the factory (TMB 25).

  5. snang ba/ 

    Biblical: appearance in the sense of giving an impression of being like something else: khong ni glog 'drar snang ste/  his appearance was like lightning (Mt. 28:3), shes rab ltar snang /  the appearance of wisdom (Col. 2:23).

    Buddhist: 1) ordinary impressions or appearances, especially as contrasted with a mystical Bst. point of view: snang tshad 'khrul pa lags te/  whatever appears is delusion (HTE 188), 'khor ba rang snang tsam ste logs na med/  the world is nothing other than how things appear to you (HTE 184); 2) visions: snang gsum ni/,,ma dag pa'i snang ba/,,rnal 'byor nyams kyi snang ba/,,dag pa'i snang ba/  the three types of visions are impure visions, pure visions of yogic experience, and the pure vision (TRI 163); 3) sangs rgyas rnam par snang mdzad/  the Buddha Vairocana (TRC 198); 4) gya nom snang ba/  excellent appearance: (one of the types of beings in the form realm).

    Cognates: 1) mi snang ba/  disappear: khong mi snang bar gyur to/  he disappeared (Lk. 24:31); 2) 'jigs snang /  fear; 3) do snang /  interest.

  6. lang ba/ 

    p. langs/  [hon. bzheng / ]

    Biblical: to get up, arise: lung ston pa rdzus ma mang po lang zhing /  and many false prophets will arise (Mt. 24:11), ma shi ka'i zhal che'i khri'i drung du lang bar dgos so/  we must all appear before the judgement seat of Christ (2 Cor. 5:10), lung ston pa chen po zhig nga tsho'i dbus su bzhengs/  a great prophet has appeared among us (Luke 7:16).

    Buddhist: 1) to arise, stand up: ting nge 'dzin de las bzhengs te/  arising from deep meditation (HSU 168), yar lang dus/  on standing up (TRC 271); 2) to build or put together a sacred object: tshon gyi dkyil 'khor bzhengs te/  constructing the mandala of colored stone dust (TRC 49), gtor ma bzhengs pa/  setting up torma offerings (DPD), mchod rten bzhengs pa/  to build a chorten (MHP 9).

  7. mthong ba/ 

    Biblical: to perceive, see, or behold; either directly or by inference; to appear: khyod tsho'ang phyi nas mi la drang po mthong /  on the outside you appear to people as righteous (Mt. 23:28), mthong bzor min par drang por thag chod cig stop judging by mere appearances (Jn. 7:24), spun lnga brgya las mang pos gcig car du mthong ste/  [He] appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time (1 Cor. 15:6 SV).

    Buddhist: mthong ba'i lam/  the path of seeing; one of the five paths to enlightenment (KBT 63), shin tu mthong ba/  great perception - one of 17 types of beings in the form realm (KBT 118).