Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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See also desire, greed
  1. ཆགས་​སྲེད།

    [lit. attachment + desire]

    Biblical: covetousness, evil desire, especially when fallen into voluntarily: ངས་​ཆགས་​སྲེད་​གང་​ཡིན་​པ་​མ་​ཤེས་​པ་​ཡིན། I would not have known what coveting was (Rom. 7:7), བཀའི་​ཐབས་​ཀྱིས་​སྡིག་​པས་​ངའི་​ནང་​དུ་​ཆགས་​སྲེད་​སྣ་​ཚོགས་​བསྐྱེད་​དོ། sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, produced in me every kind of covetous desire (Rom. 7:8). Covetousness is a major moral fault in both Christianity and Bsm.

    Buddhist: One of the ten virtues is: གཞན་​གྱི་​ནོར་​ལ་​ཆགས་​སྲེད་​མི་​བྱེད་​པ། not to covet other people's possessions (KTM).

    Cognates: སྲེད། craving or attachment, coveting: མ་​སྲེད། do not covet (Rom. 13:9).

  2. ཧམ་​པ་​བྱེད།

    p. བྱས། f. བྱ། imp. བྱོས།

    Biblical: to covet (also spoken form): ངས་​སུའི་​དངུལ་​ལམ་​གསེར་​རམ་​གོས་​ལ་​ཧམ་​པ་​མ་​བྱས། I have not coveted anyone's silver or gold or clothing (Acts 20:33), ཧམ་​པ་​མ་​བྱེད། do not covet (Rom. 13:9 SV).

    Buddhist: to expect or demand more than one's share (TRI 300).

  3. བརྣབ་​སེམས་​བྱེད།

    p. བྱས། f. བྱ། imp. བྱོས། [lit. covet + do]

    Biblical: to covet (written form): བརྣབ་​སེམས་​བྱེད་​ཅིང་​མ་​ཐོབ། you want something but don't get it (Jas. 4:2).

    Buddhist: Covetousness is explained as: བརྣབ་​སེམས་​ཟེར་​བ་​ནི། གཞན་​གྱི་​ཅ་​ལག་​མཐོང་​དུས་​དེ་​ང་​ལ་​བྱུང་​ན་​སྙམ་​པ་​ལྟ་​བུའི་​སེམས་​གཞན་​གྱི་​ཡོ་​བྱད་​ལ་​ཆགས་​པའི་​ཆ་​གཅིག་​ལ་​ཟེར། covetousness signifies the portion of the mind which longs for another's possessions with the thought "would it were mine" at the time of seeing another's possessions (TRC 245), ཡིད་​ཀྱི་​མི་​དགེ་​བ་​གསུམ་​ནི། བརྣབ་​སེམས། གནོད་​སེམས། ལོག་​ལྟ་​བཅས་​རེད། the three non-virtues of mind are covetousness, the wish to injure, and wrong view (TRC 242). བརྣབ་​སེམས། may also imply jealousy that someone else has obtained a coveted object (AMD).

  4. འདོད་​པ།

    Biblical: want or desire, occasionally in the sense of covetous desire: བཀའ་​ཁྲིམས་​ཀྱིས་​འདོད་​པ་​མ་​སྐྱེད་​ཅེས་​མ་​གསུངས་​ན། if the law had not said, "Do not covet" (Rom. 7:7 SV), ངའི་​ནང་​ན་​འདོད་​པ་​ཀུན་​བསྐྱེད། produced in me every kind of covetous desire (Rom. 7:8 SV).

    Buddhist: see desire.

    Cognates: འདོད་​ཞེན། desire (KTM).