Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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  1. sems dul ba/ 

    [lit. mind + tame; hon. thugs dul ba/ ]

    Biblical: mildness, gentleness: ma shi ka'i thugs dul ba/  the gentleness of Christ (2 Cor. 10:1), khyed tsho'i sems dul ba de mi thams cad la ston cig let your gentleness be evident to all (Phil. 4:5), sems dul ba dang gus pa/  gentleness and respect (1 Pet. 3:15), dul po dang /,,btsun pa/  gentleness and self-control (Gal. 5:23).

    Buddhist: 1) dul ba/  is the p. of 'dul ba/  to subdue, discipline, or tame: dgra mgo 'dul ba/  to subdue an enemy (KPU 12); 2) in the Bst. scriptures the term is frequently used of wild animals becoming tame: dug sbrul de zhi zhing dul bar gyur/  the poisonous snake became peaceful and tame (SGN 13): 3) by extension, the term is used of taming passions or of disciplining the mind: bdag 'dzin 'dul ba/  to tame self-grasping (UCO 150), rang rgyud 'dul ba/  to tame one's stream of thought (GSL 18); 4) hence 'dul ba/  is commonly used as a term for the rules governing monastic behavior and discipline. The third major division of the Bst. scriptures, which deals with this topic, is called the 'dul ba/  [Skt. vinaya].

  2. sems 'jam pa/ 

    Biblical: gentleness, tenderness: byams pa dang 'jam sems dang bcas/  in love with a gentle spirit (1 Cor. 4:21 SV), khyed cag sems 'jam pa yin par mi thams cad kyis shes par gyur cig let your gentleness be evident to all (Phil. 4:5 SV), snying brtse ba'i shugs dang /,,drin dang /,,dman sa bzung ba'i sems dang /,,'jam pa'i sems/  compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness (Col. 3:12 SV), khyed kyi nang na 'jam bor byed de bu rdzis phru gu skyong ba ltar khyed cag la dga' bas/  we were gentle among you, like a mother caring for her little children (1 Thes. 2:7 SV).

    Buddhist: 1) sems pa zhi 'jam bzo ba/  to make the mind calm (DLP 17), don rtsa 'jam po'i sgo nas lon/  to achieve one's goals peacefully (KPU 14); 2) compounds of 'jam pa/  are often used in honorific titles of Bst. gods and saints phags pa 'jam dpal/  a name given to Chenresi which refers to Chenresi's compassionate and gentle ways (KTM), 'jam dpal dbyang /  the boddhisattva Manjushri, rje 'jam dbyangs chos rje/  the founder of Drepung Monastery (DPD), 'jam mgon bla ma tsong kha pa/  Tsong Khapa (DPD).

    Cognates: 1) 'jam po'i gyon/  good clothes (KPU 23); 2) 'jam sha thon/  to make smooth, to polish metals (KPU 28); 3) 'jam pa bu dang rtsub pa pha mas byed/  when comfortable the baby sleeps, when uncomfortable the parents work (KPU 31).