Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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  1. phyi pa/ 

    [lit. outsider]

    Biblical: one who is outside a certain group, a foreigner; non-Jewish people: phyi pa tsho'i phyir sku tshab/  apostle to the Gentiles (Rom. 11:13), phyi pa'i lag tu gtad de/  handed over to the Gentiles (Lk. 18:32), phyi pa la'ang dam pa'i thugs nyid kyi gnang sbyin babs/  the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out also on the Gentiles (Acts 10:45), phyi pa'i khrod du ngas khyod 'od du bskos/  I have made you a light for the Gentiles (Acts 13:47), phyi pa'i nang nas mi sde zhig a people from among the Gentiles (Acts 15:14).

    Buddhist: A phyi pa/  is a person who is not a Bst. [in contrast to a nang pa/  [insider] who is a Bst.] (AMD).

  2. lha chos pa/ 

    [lit. god + religion + person]

    Biblical: worshippers of gods; pagans: lha chos pa nas yin pa'i spun rnams/  brothers from among the pagans [Gentiles] (Acts 15:23), lha chos pa rnams la nyid kyi sras kyi mtshan 'chad pa'i don du/  in order to preach in His Son's name to the Gentiles (Gal. 1:16), lha chos pa rnams kyi rtsar mngags pas/  sent to the Gentiles (Gal. 2:7 8).

    Buddhist: lha chos/  means "religious" (AMD), lha chos byed pa/  to engage in religious practice (KPU 9), lha chos pa/  a priest, lha chos bdun/  [lit. god + doctrine + 7] the four gods and three main texts of the Kadampa school (TRC 138).

  3. he len pa/ 

    [lit. Greeks Gr. Hellenes]

    Biblical: non-Jews who may or may not have been ethnically Greek: dang por ya hu da pa de nas he len pa/  first for the Jew, then for the Gentile (Rom. 1:16), ya hu da pa dang he len pa/  Jews and Gentiles (Rom. 3:9).

  4. mi brgyud/ 

    Biblical: race, people, lineage, or nation: mi brgyud rnams kyi rgyal po/  the kings of the nations (Lk. 22:25), mi brgyud thams cad/  all nations, all the Gentiles (Rom. 1:5), mi brgyud gzhan gyi khrod nas/  from among the other nations [Gentiles] (Rom. 1:13).