Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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Wylie | Tibetan


See also appear, prophecy, prophesy, scripture


[lit. manifestation, appearance]

Biblical: 1) the process by which God makes His truth known to men; revelation: ཡེ་​ཤུ་​མ་​ཤི་​ཀས་​མངོན་​པར་​ཞལ་​གཟིགས་​པའི་​སྒོ་​ནས་​ཐོབ་​བོ། I received it by revelation from Jesus Christ (Gal. 1:12), གཙོ་​བོའི་​ཞལ་​གཟིགས་​དང་​མངོན་​དུ་​བྱུང་​བ་​རྣམས། visions and revelations from the Lord (2 Cor. 12:1), མངོན་​པའི་​འོད། a light for revelation (Lk. 2:32); 2) abbreviation for the Book of Revelation in the Revised NT.

Buddhist: The Buddha is thought to have discovered the basic principles of Bsm. by his own effort; not by revelation from any higher power; i.e. the Buddha was not a prophet. Some Bst. texts are believed to have been revealed by supernatural powers, but this does not give them an authority superior to those texts considered to be of purely human authorship (BAL 92). 1) མངོན་​པའི་​དཔེ་​ཆ། texts of the Abhidharma (Bst. works on philosophy and psychology compiled ca. 400 AD; comprising མངོན་​པ་​ཀུན་​བཏུས། Compendium of Knowledge, and མངོན་​པ་​མཛོད། Treasury of Knowledge (TRI 70); 2) open, complete, total: མངོན་​པར་​རྫོགས་​པར་​སངས་​རྒྱས། complete, perfect buddhahood (SGN 12); 3) མངོན་​པ། to reveal or disclose: སློབ་​མས་​རང་​གི་​སློབ་​སྦྱོང་​གི་​གནས་​ཚུལ་​མངོན་​པའི་​ཐབས་​ལམ་​ཞིག a way that students can reveal the level of their own study (TCR 1). See also prophesy.

Cognates: 1) མངོན་​པར་​འགྱུར་​བ། to appear; to be revealed: ལུང་​སྟོན་​པ་​རྣམས་​ཀྱི་​མདོ་​རྣམས་​ཀྱིས་​ཀྱང་​ད་​ལྟ་​མངོན་​པར་​གྱུར་​པ། now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings (Rom. 16:26 SV); 2) མངོན་​དུ་​འབྱིན་​པ། to reveal, disclose: རང་​གི་​སྲས་​ངའི་​ནང་​ན་​མངོན་​དུ་​འབྱིན་​པ། to reveal his Son in me (Gal. 1:16 SV); 3) གསལ་​པོར་​མངོན། clear, obvious: རང་​གི་​རྩ་​ཆེའི་​སྲོག་​ལའང་​སྲུང་​སྐྱོབ་​མེད་​པ་​གསལ་​པོར་​མངོན། it is clear that our our precious life is not safe (DLP 1); 4) མངོན་​པར་​འབྱོན། advent, arrival དུས་​ཀྱི་​ཐ་​མ་​ལ་​ཁྱེད་​རྣམས་​ཀྱི་​དོན་​དུ་​མངོན་​པར་​བྱོན་​ནོ། in these last times, he came for your sake (1 Pet. 1:20 SV); 5) མངོན་​པར་​མཛད། to reveal: ཁྱེད་​ཀྱིས་​དེ་​ཚོ་​ཚང་​མ་​ང་​ལ་​མངོན་​པར་​མཛད་​གནང་​། you have revealed these things to me (2 Sam. 7:27 NTV).