Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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  1. ལུང་​བསྟན།

    Biblical: 1) prophecy: གསང་​བ་​འམ། ཤེས་​རབ་​བམ། ལུང་​བསྟན་​ནམ། revelation or knowledge or prophecy (1 Cor. 14:6), ལུང་​བསྟན་​གང་​ཡང་​མིའི་​བསམ་​པ་​ལས་​མ་​བྱུང་​བར། no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own interpretation (2 Pet. 1:20,21); 2) prophetic writings of the OT: བཀའ་​ཁྲིམས་​དང་​ལུང་​བསྟན། the Law and the Prophets (Mt. 7:12), བཀའ་​ཁྲིམས་​དང་​། ལུང་​བསྟན་​དང་​། གསུང་​མགུར་​རྣམས། the Law, the Prophets, and the Psalms (Lk. 24:44), ལུང་​བསྟན་​གྱི་​མདོ། the book of the prophets (Acts 7:42).

    Buddhist: ལུང་​བསྟན། implies mere foreknowledge of events, without revelation or proclamation as in the Biblical model. See prophesy.

  2. ཆོས་​འཆད།

    p. བཤད། [lit. religion + explain]

    Biblical: prophecy: ཆོས་​བཤད་​ནི་​མི་​དད་​མེད་​ཀྱི་​ཕྱིར་​མིན་​པར་​དད་​པ་​ཅན་​གྱི་​ཕྱིར་​ཡིན་​ནོ། prophecy, however, is for believers, not for unbelievers (1 Cor. 14:22).

    Buddhist: to spread or explain religion (AMD).

  3. མངོན་​ཤེས།

    [lit. manifest knowledge]

    Biblical: the gift of foreknowledge: ཁོ་​ལ་​མངོན་​ཤེས་​དང་​ལྡན་​པའི་​བུ་​མོ་​ན་​ཆུང་​མ། unmarried daughters who had the gift of foreknowledge (Acts 21:9).

    Buddhist: མངོན་​ཤེས། is a type of supernatural perception or clairvoyant knowledge. It is divided into six types: seeing the sufferings of all beings; understanding all languages; knowledge of another's thoughts; knowledge of past and future rebirths; remembering past lives; and knowledge of how to become enlightened (CNG 81).