Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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Wylie | Tibetan


  1. lung bstan/ 

    Biblical: 1) prophecy: gsang ba 'am/,,shes rab bam/,,lung bstan nam/  revelation or knowledge or prophecy (1 Cor. 14:6), lung bstan gang yang mi'i bsam pa las ma byung bar/  no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own interpretation (2 Pet. 1:20,21); 2) prophetic writings of the OT: bka' khrims dang lung bstan/  the Law and the Prophets (Mt. 7:12), bka' khrims dang /,,lung bstan dang /,,gsung mgur rnams/  the Law, the Prophets, and the Psalms (Lk. 24:44), lung bstan gyi mdo/  the book of the prophets (Acts 7:42).

    Buddhist: lung bstan/  implies mere foreknowledge of events, without revelation or proclamation as in the Biblical model. See prophesy.

  2. chos 'chad/ 

    p. bshad/  [lit. religion + explain]

    Biblical: prophecy: chos bshad ni mi dad med kyi phyir min par dad pa can gyi phyir yin no/  prophecy, however, is for believers, not for unbelievers (1 Cor. 14:22).

    Buddhist: to spread or explain religion (AMD).

  3. mngon shes/ 

    [lit. manifest knowledge]

    Biblical: the gift of foreknowledge: kho la mngon shes dang ldan pa'i bu mo na chung ma/  unmarried daughters who had the gift of foreknowledge (Acts 21:9).

    Buddhist: mngon shes/  is a type of supernatural perception or clairvoyant knowledge. It is divided into six types: seeing the sufferings of all beings; understanding all languages; knowledge of another's thoughts; knowledge of past and future rebirths; remembering past lives; and knowledge of how to become enlightened (CNG 81).