Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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Wylie | Tibetan


See also crucify
  1. རྒྱངས་​ཤིང་​།

    [lit. stretch + wood; var. རྒྱང་​ཤིང་​། and རྐྱང་​ཤིང་​། in the 1970 NT, and བརྐྱང་​ཤིང་​། in the 1903 NT]

    Biblical: originally used for a board on which a criminal was stretched out to be tortured. As crucifixion was unknown to the Tibetans, and the precise shape of the "cross" [Gr. stauros] on which Jesus died is unknown, translators have adopted the name of this traditional Tibetan instrument of torture to denote the object on which Jesus died: 1) in a literal sense: ཁོང་​གི་​རྒྱང་​ཤིང་​འཁུར་​ཕྱིར་​དབང་​བྱས་​སོ། they forced him to carry the cross (Mk. 15:21), རྒྱང་​ཤིང་​ལས་​མར་​བོབས་​ཤིག come down from the cross (Mk. 15:30); 2) in a figurative sense: བདག་​འཛིན་​སྤོང་​ལ། རང་​གི་​རྐྱང་​ཤིང་​འཁུར། deny himself and take up his cross (Mk. 8:34), རྒྱང་​ཤིང་​གི་​བསྟན་​པ། the message of the cross (1 Cor. 1:18), མ་​ཤི་​ཀའི་​རྒྱང་​ཤིང་​གི་​དགྲ་​བོ། enemies of the cross of Christ (Phil. 3:18).

  2. རྒྱ་​གྲམ།

    a cross; cross shape: རྒྱ་​གྲམ་​གྱི་​དབུས་​སུ་​གཞགས་​པ། crucified on the cross (ATM; 1762).