Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

Previous | Next | English Index | Tibetan Index | Abbreviations | Contents
Wylie | Tibetan


gung bran ring lugs/ 

[Ch.; var. dmar po'i ring ring lugs/ ]

communism. After Buddhism, the ideological and spiritual system having the greatest impact upon the life and culture of modern Tibetans. The term gung bran/  (communist) is a Chinese loan word; spyi tshogs ring lugs/  [lit. general + together + "ism" = socialism] is perhaps more commonly used.