Dictionary of Key Spiritual Terms

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Wylie | Tibetan


  1. byin rlabs/ 

    Biblical: blessing: ma shi ka'i byin rlabs/  the blessing of Christ (Rom. 15:29 SV), ab ra ham la gnang ba'i byin rlabs/  the blessing given to Abraham (Gal. 3:14 SV).

    Buddhist: a term for religious power, as opposed to ordinary power nus pa/  (AMD): 1) empowerment through speech, tantric teaching, or meritorious acts e.g. counting prayer beads (KTM): byin rlabs 'pho ba'i dbang bskur/  the initiation that transfers spiritual power (BLI 351), sngags phyag rgya ting nge 'dzin gsum gyis byin gyis brlabs/  the blessing of mantras, mudras, and samadhi, or one-pointedness (BLI 344). Such power may also be resident in blessed objects, e.g. if a high lama gives one a pen, that object has byin rlabs/  (AMD); 2) the Buddha is believed to convey blessings: byin gyis brlabs pa'i bka'/  the blessed words of the Buddha (TRI 185), byin rlabs bzhi/  the four blessings: bden pa/  truth, gtong ba/  giving, nye bar zhi ba/  ultimate peace, shes rab/  wisdom (TRI 185). Even animals may be blessed by the Buddha, as in the story of a wandering pig that died near a stupa mchod rten/  and through the Buddha' blessing was reborn as a desire realm god (JPG 209).

    Cognates: 1) byin can/  holy, sacred; 2) byin nus/  blessing.

  2. shis rjod/ 

    [lit. spoken blessing, benediction]

    Biblical: shis rjod 'di ya hu da pa'i rtags ldan pa la yin nam/  is this blessedness only for the circumcised? (Rom. 4:9).

    Buddhist: 1) to recite auspicious verses at the conclusion of a ceremony (TRI 273); 2) in spoken language shis rjod/  implies blessing with the connotation of prayer for the one blessed, e.g. a lama may bless a soldier for success in battle, or a newborn child for a good life (AMD).